You are currently viewing ETHICS AND VALUES – COMPARISON| upsc prelims crash course 2022
ETHICS AND VALUES COMPARISON upsc prelims crash course 2022

ETHICS AND VALUES – COMPARISON| upsc prelims crash course 2022

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  • Reading time:5 mins read and Values together lay the foundation for sustainability. Ethics are the set of rules that govern the behavior of a person, established by a group or culture. Values refer to the beliefs for which a person has an enduring preference.  Ethics and values are important in every aspect of life, when we have to make a choice between two things, wherein ethics determine what is right, values determine what is important and see also you can join now upsc prelims crash course 2022

Key Differences between Ethics and Values

The fundamental differences between ethics and value are described in the given below points:

  1. Ethics refers to the guidelines for conduct, that address question about morality. Value is defined as the principles and ideals, which helps them in making the judgement of what is more important.
  2. Ethics is a system of moral principles. In contrast to values, which are the stimuli of our thinking and thought process.
  3. Values strongly influence the emotional state of mind. Therefore it acts as a motivator. On the other hand, ethics compels to follow a particular course of action.
  4. Ethics are consistent, whereas values are different for different persons, i.e. what is important for one person, may not be important for another person.
  5. Values tell us what we want to do or achieve in our life, whereas ethics helps us in deciding what is morally correct or incorrect, in the given situation.
  6. Ethics determines to what extent our options are right or wrong. As opposed to values, which defines our priorities for life.






Ethics refers to the set of standard guidelines for good conduct, that address question about morality.

Values are defined as the principles and ideals that help them in making judgement of what is more important.

What are they?

System of moral principles/ standards.

Acts as Stimuli for thinking/ thought process.


Uniform for whole society, organisation, religion etc.

Differs from person to person based their conscience.


What is morally correct or incorrect, in the given situation

What we want to do or achieve.


Extent of rightness or wrongness of our options.

Level of importance.

What it does?

Constrains the society and regulates the society/ organization.

Motivates a person towards righteous path.



While ethics are consistently applied over the period, and remain same for all the human beings, Values have an individualistic approach, i.e., it varies from person to person but remains stable, relatively unchanging, but they can be changed over time due to a significant emotional event.

How can I develop ethics and integrity without reading any book practical in daily life for the UPSC?

See the most important thing in the ethics is being acquainted with USC Ethics syllabus terminologies. Though in abstract language we all are familiar with the terms but how to present it formally we should know, and if you don’t want to follow any book then you could simply google it and Ethics Integrity and Aptitude

If you are regularly reading News Paper then solving the case studies will be easier, as every day there are some cases happening in which public offices are involved. So, you will be able to hit the point.

Just read about some good leaders like Mahatma Gandhi, Mother Teressa, Abraham Lincoln etc. so that you could use them in answers or validate your answers by using their thoughts.

First of all, I would suggest, UPSC syllabus topics should be understood very clearly. For that I used Lexicon and NCERTs (Psychology) and EDEN IAS study material.

In Ethics every person’s perspective can be different, so we cannot replicate my approach, but was as realistic in answers as it should be possible.

I used quotes of various personalities where ever it was possible.

Examples of people like Kailash Satyarthi, Malala, Mother Teresa, E. Sridharan, Sanjeev Chaturvedi, Manjunath etc. should be used in answering case studies and questions.

Joining any good test series would be good for making you perfect.

In case studies focus should be on providing more ethical perspective than administrative solutions.